Explore further According to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, “A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others. A service mark is the same as a trademark, except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product. Trademarks are registered and require fees ranging from $275 plus an in-use fee of $100. The trademark has to be in use in “commerce”. So, unlike the days of yore domain hounds who bought and parked every potentially hot domain name with the expectations of selling it for top dollar later. Trademarks require use, the word or image, mark has to be affixed to something and placed in the stream of commerce. In 2000, Android Data filed a “Typed Drawing” application for a trademark, stating that it was “good and services, computer e-commerce software to allow users to perform electronic business transactions via a global computer network” Stating further, it was filing a First Use in Commerce affidavit. Android Data performed the requisite notice periods and ultimately was given a registration number 2639556 in October, 2002. The exclusive right to use the word “Data” apart from the “mark” was not claimed. In 2007, Google applied for a trademark of Android. The Google Android is an open mobile platform that was developed by Google and later by the Open Handset Alliance as a “software stack” for mobile phones. Android is based on a Linux OS, and all of its applications are written using JAVA. Anyone can download an Android software development kit from Google and create applications for Android. Motorola and other handset companies have installed Android on their phones. Google has no plans as of this writing to manufacture a Google Android handset.In 2008, Google’s application for a trademark was denied because Android Data and Google are involved in the development of software and related services which might in effect confuse the consumer into thinking the goods are related and originate from a single source. This tricky little piece of logic does not effect the numerous androidesque registered trademarks, like American Android, Android 17, Android, (a testosterone, thyroid etc. tablet), or another Android mark for blood testing apparatus. Nope, the USPTO wasn’t too worried about the exact use of the word Android for a testosterone tablet and a blood testing apparatus. It was concerned about a software suite used exclusively for e-commerce and an open source software stack which merely enables users to bring down the fences between networks and allow free use to create applications. Android Data has a website and offers a Content Manager, Caching Server and Administrator’s Tool Kit with a segmented little robot figure pictured above. There is a substantial difference between the generic Android image that looks like a Lego piece by Google and the metallic Android Data robot image. (shown above) Android Data is rumored to be asking for millions from Google and other handset manufacturers using the Android software stack. So, who’s confused here? USPTO or the consumer.© 2009 PhysOrg.com Google G1 Phone: Security Flaw Exposed This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The rumors about a possible trademark lawsuit by Eric Specht owner of Android Data of Illinois presents a twisty-tie legal concept. As reported by The Android Guys and ZDNet’s Dana Blankenhorn, Android Data believes Google, Motorola and other open handset developers stole their trademark, Android. Citation: Android Trademark Lawsuit Against Google & Open Handset Manufacturers: Who’s Confused? (2009, May 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-05-android-trademark-lawsuit-google-handset.html Android Data Logo
Monthly Archives: August 2019
© 2013 Phys.org. All rights reserved. Citation: New principle sets maximum limit on quantum information communication (2013, June 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-principle-maximum-limit-quantum.html Journal information: Physical Review Letters (Phys.org) —When two parties use a quantum system to share information, the amount of quantum information that can be communicated is fundamentally limited by quantum properties. Now in a new paper, Damián Pitalúa-García, a scientist in the University of Cambridge’s Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, has proposed a principle that can determine the maximum amount of quantum information that a quantum system can communicate. According to this principle, the maximum amount of information is limited only by the quantum system’s dimension, and does not depend on any physical resources previously shared by the communicating parties. More information: Damián Pitalúa-García. “Quantum Information Causality.” PRL 110, 210402 (2013). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.210402 Schematic of the quantum information causality game, in which the amount of quantum information communicated among the parties is limited by the principle of quantum information causality. Credit: Pitalúa-García. ©2013 American Physical Society Playing quantum tricks with measurements Pitalúa-García’s paper, called “Quantum Information Causality,” is published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.Specifically, Pitalúa-García’s principle of quantum information causality says that, after a quantum system of m qubits is transmitted from one party to another, the quantum information shared between the two parties cannot increase by more than 2m. As Pitalúa-García explains, this limit is the maximum amount of information that a quantum system can fundamentally communicate, regardless of how technologically advanced it may be and how much quantum entanglement the communicating parties share.”The principle of information causality states that m classical bits can transmit m’s worth of information,” Pitalúa-García told Phys.org. “On the other hand, quantum information causality states that m qubits can transmit 2m’s worth of information. In this sense, a qubit can communicate twice the amount of information that a classical bit can communicate. This might seem strange because, after being measured, a qubit reduces to a classical bit. However, a qubit can be entangled with another qubit, while a classical bit cannot. It is entanglement that allows a qubit to communicate more information than a classical bit.”In his paper, he showed that quantum information causality follows from three mathematical properties satisfied by quantum information. While the maximum amount of information is independent of any previously shared quantum physical resources, it does depend on the quantum system’s dimension.”The dimension of a quantum system can be understood as the number of different possible outcomes that are obtained when the system is subject to a measurement,” Pitalúa-García said. “For example, a qubit has dimension two, because it gives one of two possible measurement results. Similarly, a system of m qubits has dimension 2^m. It is thus natural to expect that a system with bigger dimension can communicate more quantum information. This is proved mathematically by quantum information causality.”In order to illustrate the limit imposed by quantum information causality and come as close as possible to reaching this limit, Pitalúa-García presented a new quantum game. He found that an optimal strategy in this game is a quantum teleportation strategy.Although this method is not the first for determining the maximum of quantum information that can be communicated by a quantum system, it is different because it does not involve any classical components.”Other methods can determine the maximum amount of information that can be transmitted by a quantum system, but in different scenarios,” Pitalúa-García said. “For example, [in some scenarios,] the communicated information is classical, as stated in a theorem by Holevo in 1973, or the transmitted system is classical, as published in 2009 in the principle of information causality. Our approach considers the scenario in which the transmitted and the communicated information are both quantum and the communicating parties share any quantum physical resources. This scenario is more general because, fundamentally, every system is quantum, and a classical system is a special class of quantum system.”Overall, the principle of quantum information causality may have implications for the broad field of quantum information, which deals with how information can be fundamentally encoded, processed, and communicated using quantum systems. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
More information: Remote sensing and conservation of isolated indigenous villages in Amazonia, Royal Society Open Science, rsos.royalsocietypublishing.or … /10.1098/rsos.140246 Citation: Hi-res satellite imagery helps researchers monitor isolated Amazonian tribes-people (2014, November 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-11-hi-res-satellite-imagery-isolated-amazonian.html (Phys.org) —A trio of researchers has found that it is now possible to monitor isolated indigenous tribes-people living in the Amazonian jungle, using high resolution satellite images. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes how studying such images can help governments protect such people from dangers posed by poachers, those in the illegal drug trade and others that may spread disease. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2014 Tech Xplore Remote surveillance may increase chance of survival for ‘uncontacted’ Brazilian tribes Journal information: Royal Society Open Science Scientists believe that there are approximately fifty to one hundred tribes of people living in the dense Amazonian jungle—people who exist at different levels of modernization. For the most part, most of the people survive by planting crops, and carrying on much as they have for hundreds, if not thousands of years. As the existence of such tribes became known, governments of the countries involved have chosen to allow such people to continue to live as they wish, preserving their way of life, on land that has been protected from use by others. As the value of land in the Amazon has gone up, however, tribes-people have been put at risk from illegal loggers, those in the illegal drug trade etc. Further complicating the matter is that because the jungle is so vast and dense, it’s been difficult for governments to know where the tribes are, how they are doing, and whether they need protection. In the past, explorers were dispatched to hike into the jungle to see what they could find. Later, planes have been used to fly over vast stretches, looking for breaks in the jungle that might indicate cropland. Both methods have their drawbacks. The jungle is too big to simply canvass, and allowing modern people to enter such tribes brought with them the risk of spreading diseases—and having planes fly over caused alarm and stress. In this new effort, the researchers have found that satellite imaging technology has now advanced to the point that it can be used to identify not just villages, but activity going on there, such as home building or what types of crops are being grown.The team reports that they have found the locations of five villages (with populations ranging from 50 to 300) and have been able to monitor changes over time by revisiting older satellite images. They report also that they have information regarding 29 more villages and plan to find them and to learn more about all the tribes by watching them over time, and presumably, alerting officials if they spot any activity that might cause harm. Top image is the western portion of site H in May 2012 and the bottom image is the same area in July 2013. Note the addition of more slash-and-burn fields (designated by arrows) and the expansion of the two large cleared areas in the centre of the image. These additions total 16 ha cleared in 14 months. Areas that were cleared in 2012 are filled with planted crops in 2013. Credit: Royal Society Open Science, doi/10.1098/rsos.140246 Explore further
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2014 Phys.org China censors US embassy pollution data during APEC More information: Elucidating severe urban haze formation in China, PNAS, by Song Guo, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1419604111AbstractAs the world’s second largest economy, China has experienced severe haze pollution, with fine particulate matter (PM) recently reaching unprecedentedly high levels across many cities, and an understanding of the PM formation mechanism is critical in the development of efficient mediation policies to minimize its regional to global impacts. We demonstrate a periodic cycle of PM episodes in Beijing that is governed by meteorological conditions and characterized by two distinct aerosol formation processes of nucleation and growth, but with a small contribution from primary emissions and regional transport of particles. Nucleation consistently precedes a polluted period, producing a high number concentration of nano-sized particles under clean conditions. Accumulation of the particle mass concentration exceeding several hundred micrograms per cubic meter is accompanied by a continuous size growth from the nucleation-mode particles over multiple days to yield numerous larger particles, distinctive from the aerosol formation typically observed in other regions worldwide. The particle compositions in Beijing, on the other hand, exhibit a similarity to those commonly measured in many global areas, consistent with the chemical constituents dominated by secondary aerosol formation. Our results highlight that regulatory controls of gaseous emissions for volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides from local transportation and sulfur dioxide from regional industrial sources represent the key steps to reduce the urban PM level in China. (Phys.org) —A combined team of researchers from the U.S. and China has found a direct link between gaseous pollutants from motorized vehicles and industrial emissions and the thick haze that often covers the Chinese capital. In their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team describes their study which included taking air samples over a long period of time and what they found in analyzing the data. Citation: Study shows Beijing haze linked directly to gaseous pollutants from traffic, industrial emissions (2014, November 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-11-beijing-haze-linked-gaseous-pollutants.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Most people have heard of the air pollution problems going on in China—the country is home to 16 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world. Getting the most attention, has been Beijing, the country’s capital and host of the 2008 summer Olympics. In this new effort the joint research team sought to better understand why Beijing, and perhaps other Chinese cities have such serious air pollution problems.It doesn’t take much looking to find that the pollution in Beijing comes mostly from cars, coal fired utility plants and other manufacturing and industrial operations. But, the team noted, taken together, they didn’t appear to account for the level of haze that covers the city on a periodic basis. To learn more, they used new state-of-the-art equipment to take air samples from October to December of last year.In studying the data, they found that the amount of fine particulate matter (the basis of haze) was more than was produced by the primary sources. Further study revealed that photochemical oxidation of gaseous pollutants was resulting in the formation of fine particulates, adding to the overall amount. Furthermore, they found that atmospheric conditions played a larger role in the development of heavy haze days than was previously thought. Wind, they noted, carried pollution from the south, where there are many coal fired plants, to the city, causing higher levels of haze. It also accounted for the cyclic nature of haze days in the city. Also, the team noted that there were fewer heavy hazy days in the summer because the city gets more rain then which tends to clean the air.The researchers believe their findings are likely applicable to other cities in China and suggest that the only way to solve the air pollution problems in that country is to reduce the amount of pollutants emitted into the air. Explore further Campus view of Peking University on clean and polluted days. Credit: Song Guo and Min Hu, Peking University.
Schematic illustration of the invisible magnetic field lines generated by the Earth, represented as a dipole magnet field. In actuality, our magnetic shield is squeezed in closer to Earth on the Sun-facing side and extremely elongated on the night-side due to the solar wind. Credit: NASA (Phys.org)—A scientist who has dedicated a significant portion of his life to proving or disproving the notion that humans have an ability to detect and respond to Earth’s magnetic field has given a talk at this year’s meeting of the Royal Institute of Navigation at the University of London, suggesting that he has found evidence that it is true. Joe Kirschvink with the California Institute for Technology reported that experiments he and colleagues have been conducting have shown reproducible changes in brainwaves of volunteers who sat in a magnetically controllable chamber. © 2016 Phys.org More information: Eric Hand. The body’s hidden compass—what is it, and how does it work?, Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5804Eric Hand. Maverick scientist thinks he has discovered a magnetic sixth sense in humans, Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5803 News about the light-dependent magnetic compass of birds Explore further Citation: Possible evidence of human ability to detect Earth’s magnetic field found (2016, June 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-06-evidence-human-ability-earth-magnetic.html Journal information: Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Over the past century scientists have found that other animals do indeed have magnetic sensors and that they respond to them—birds in flight use the Earth’s magnetic field at least in part, as a compass, dogs orient themselves north/south to urinate. The list of examples has grown quite extensive, but one problem still remains—no one has been able to figure out how it happens. Scientists have narrowed down the possibilities Eric Hand writes in two extensive News articles on the subject in the latest issue of the journal Science, one is called the Magnetite Model, and is based on the idea that magnetite existing in the bodies of living organisms may be tugged by the Earth’s magnetic field, controlling neural circuitry. The other is called the Cryptochrome Model and is based on the idea that chryptochromes in the retina are turned into radical pair molecules by sunlight and are flipped between states when impacted by Earth’s magnetic field. Kirschvink, Hand, notes, believes the former is the most likely possibility, though his mission has not been to find out how it might work, but to show that it does in humans.To achieve that goal, Kirschvink and his team built a Faraday cage—an enclosure just big enough for one person to sit in, which has coils placed around its walls that prevent influence by Earth’s magnetic field and any other magnetic field, whether natural or man-made. The cage also allows for the generation of a magnetic field and the allowance of the Earth’s magnetic field on command. The volunteers sitting in the chair in the cage were attached to an EEG machine that measured alpha brain waves.The cage allows for eliminating all sources of stimuli for impacting human brain wave activity. The person sits alone in the dark while the researchers manipulate the magnetic field around him or her. Kirschvink reported in his talk that he was able to record a measurable, and more importantly, reproducible change in alphas brain wave activity in humans based on changes made to the magnetic field around them. And he did so using the cage in two different locations, one in California, and another in a lab in Japan. He acknowledged that the sample size was small, and that more work needs to be done, which will someday lead to a paper—but he is optimistic that he has at long last proven that humans do indeed have magnetic sensors.
Psychological studies have confirmed that drivers naturallymonitor the driving conditions less as the level of automation in their carincreases. A 2012 research report in Perspectiveson Psychological Science uncovered the boredom that results when we aredisengaged from our internal or external environment and wish we could engagein something more interesting. A 2015 report in the same journal details howmind-wandering and inattentiveness can result from both overstimulatingenvironments and those that aren’t stimulating enough, such as staring out ofthe window of an autonomous car. Air travel remains one of the safest ways to get from one place to another, but two recent deadly crashes of Boeing jetliners is a reminder of the risks that come with transportation automation — a danger that the automotive industry should heed, transportation safety scientists say. History is repeating itself in cars, Casner and Hutchinsreport. In lab simulators as well as in actual vehicles, drivers show theydon’t understand how the automated features work, with many showing aperilously exaggerated perception of the system’s capabilities. A 2018 survey bya European car safety assessment group found that 11% of drivers believe theycan nap, read a newspaper, or watch a movie when the highway pilot feature isengaged. And these misperceptions are only exacerbated when drivers borrow or rent the advanced-feature cars. Pre-collision warning, automatic emergency braking, andhands-free driving systems have been generally limited to top-of-the-line cars,leaving most consumers without these high-tech features. But that’s about tochange. According to Consumer Reports,2019 is the year that advanced driving assistance systems will become standardfeatures in lower-priced car models. Thomson, D. R., Besner, D., & Smilek, D. (2015). A resource-control account of sustained attention. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(1), 82-96. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691614556681 Eastwood, J. D., Frischen, A., Fenske, M. J., & Smilek, D.(2012). The unengaged mind. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(5), 482-495. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691612456044 The aviation industry can trace that safety record to itsuse of research by Casner, Hutchins, and others investigating the impact that theautomated cockpit had on flight crew performance. The research revealed thatpilots were often confused about how the automation worked and frequently lettheir attention drift when the automated systems were operating. The findings spurredbetter pilot training that emphasized automation as a tool that complemented,but did not replace, active engagement in the cockpit. Those steps paid off: UScarriers saw crashes decline steadily in subsequent years. McDonald A., Carney C., & McGhee D. V. (2018, September). Vehicle owners’ experiences with and reactions to advanced driver assistance systems. Washington, DC: American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety. The scientists emphasize the importance of driver trainingas cars become more technologically sophisticated, and even suggest the need torevive high school driver education programs that have gradually disappearedover the past few decades. They add that drivers need to learn more than just“the knobs, dials, and details” of the cars they purchase; they need to graspthe underlying concepts about how car automation works. “We saw how working with automation sometimes taxed pilots’ability to pay attention and manage distractions — ones often introduced by theautomation itself,” the researchers write in their review. “We saw howautomation changed the job of flying in fundamental ways. Today, it is standardpractice to provide pilots with a basic understanding of humans, machines, andwhat happens when the two are combined. All the while, we enjoy a historic lowin the aviation crash rate.” The automotive industry is not paying sufficient attentionto educating drivers on how to use the advanced features, Casner and Hutchinswarn, a shortcoming the airline industry learned after automation began toemerge in cockpits in the 1970s. Casner, S.M., & Hutchins, E.L. (2019). What do we tell thedrivers? Toward minimum driver training standards for partially automated cars.Journal of Cognitive Engineering andDecision Making. https://doi.org/10.1177/1555343419830901 References Boeing has been criticized for not adequately trainingflight crews on the stall-prevention software that is suspected of contributingto the crashes, which is notable given that the airline industry overall hasmade great strides in training crews on the capabilities and limitations ofautomation systems in aircraft. Psychological scientists have helped drivethose advances and two researchers who were heavily involved in that work nowsay car manufacturers need to follow the airline industry’s example as automationincreasingly becomes a feature of their vehicles. “Today, airline crashes are at a historic low—following aconcerted effort by human factors professionals to raise awareness of howhumans and automation systems can and must work together as a team, with anunderstanding of the strengths and limitations of each reflected in the other,”write researchers and safety consultants Stephen Casner and Edwin Hutchins in anewly published article. “Can history repeat itself in semi-automated cars?” Casner and Hutchins have examined owner’s manuals of severaltech-laden cars, and found many limitations in the cars’ automation systems.For example, pre-collision warning systems may fail to detect pedestrians whoare shorter than a specific height. When rounding curves, an adaptive cruisecontrol can suddenly begin tracking a car in a different lane rather than thecar ahead in the same lane.
The maestro of Kannada literature, whose Samskara has been read and reread by millions of university students, and the Jnanpith and Padma Bhushan awardee, in this last months had been talked about more for his antagonisms to Narendra Modi than for any of his stupendous creative achievements. His death marks, needless to say, the end of an era in Indian writing, separating the politically evolved, critically nuanced literary outpourings to more market-driven, identity-crazy malexperiments with untruths that characterise most of what is passed as contemporary fiction, particularly in English. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Ananthamurthy typified the last of the Mohicans – with one foot in academics and the other in literary and theatrical adventures. Born in 1932, he became involved, in fact almost fathered the 1950s’ Navya movement in Kannada literature, which experimented with short, startling stories of the post-Independence, post-Gandhian condition. Bathed with astonishing reflections on what ailed and what held together the convulsive matrix of 1950s south India, trying out modernist narrative techniques and adapting them to the Indian context, questioning the Aristotelian basis of plot and chronology, the Navya movement paralleled other such literary declarations of independence in languages such as Bengali (Kallol), Marathi, Tamil, Telegu, among others. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAnanthamurthy, and his ilk, such V K Gokak, Gopalkrishna Adiga, Girish Karnad, P Lankesh, et al, brought in the staginess of English and American literary modernism and fired up vernacular fiction, drama and poetry like never before.Karnad’s Tughlaq (1964) and Ananthamurthy’s Samskara (1965) remain the biggest and brightest stars of this temporal slice of literary firmament, even though both were followed up with other stellar creations. With their fellow writers and friends, they mapped a changing universe of fading dogmas, slipping hold of customs and the turf battles to fill up the voids opening up in the belly of syncretic but splintered religious traditions. Ananthamurthy’s short stories, novels (including Bharathipura – a recent English translation of which was nominated for DSC prize) illuminated the cosmos of human lives integrally bound to rituals and rites and the daily tragedies they ensue. He was the chronicler of a disappearing way of life, at times giving away a Gandhian simplicity and sincerity of purpose. The Brahmanic sensibility, with all its tugs and pulls, its wretched mores and unnerving doubts, its social neurosis and fear of decadence, that was sketched by Ananthamurthy, indeed has very few parallels in Indian literature, perhaps matched only by Sunil Gangopadhyay’s Purbo Poschim. For example in Samskara, the principled and celibate Brahmin priest Praneshacharya is contrasted not only with the renegade, beef-eating, oversexed Naranappa but also with the rigid villagers who are blinded by rotting moral codes. Because Naranappa had cohabited with the prostitute Chandri, after his death his body lies untouched, unattended, as no one wants to pollute himself. Ananthamurthy, through Praneshacharya’s spiritual bildungsroman, which goes en route a sexual encounter with Chandri, delineates how enlightenment isn’t outside the daily grind, and empathy, an overarching love for life and the world of nature, the animals, plants and the bodies, is far more sacred that petrifying codes of handed down, unquestioned rituals of ‘moral majorities.’ Samskara was made into a film in 1970 starring none other than Girish Karnad essaying the role of Praneshacharya.Ananthamurthy, evidently last of the argumentative Indians, whose ideological opposition to Hindutva and its proponents made him swear he would leave the country if Modi is elected the prime minister, was the polar opposite of tailored public intellectuals, who refuse to take sides and compromise their careers as mis/interpreters of modern maladies, as diagnosticians of diseases and curators of crises. Instead of sweetening the bitter pills of religious intolerance and religious appeasement, Ananthamurthy had always espoused a strong critique of all fanaticism, whatever their specificities. Even in his doctoral thesis for the degree he earned at the prestigious University of Birmingham in England, which was on 1930s European politics and fiction, he could not stay out of politics within pre-Independence literature. Focal points of his writing have been the filial clashes – between fathers and sons, mentors and protégés, particularly in the backdrop of growing Hindu fanaticism in India. His choice of linguistic medium remained Kannada, despite the lure of lucre along with global recognition promised with writing in English instead of a regional language. Heading the Sahitya Akademi for several years, he tried his best to instill robustness in the vernacular literary movements, recognising and acknowledging the wealth of creations that needed wider readership. Even in his unquiet death that sparked off ‘celebrations’ amongst some of political detractors, he lives to tell the tale.
Kolkata: The family members of Suraj Bhuniya, a 3-year-old deaf and dumb boy from an obscure village in South 24-Parganas, had almost lost hope that their boy would ever be able to utter a word again.They saw a ray of hope when the doctors of R G Kar Medical College and Hospital informed them that the boy would be able to speak following a cochlear implant surgery, that too without spending a penny from their pockets.The doctors had performed necessary tests on the boy and confirmed that the surgery can be performed. The boy is a resident of Mahendranagar village of South Gopal Nagar in the district. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsA team of doctors of the ENT department of the hospital on Thursday successfully conducted the cochlear implant on the patient at completely free of cost. It was not possible for the family members of the 3-year-old boy to conduct the surgery from a private hospital as it would cost them anything between 7-12 lakh. It was never possible for a lower middle class family like Bhuniya’s to arrange such a huge amount.Some of their neighbours told Dibyendu Bhuniya, father of the boy to take him to the RG Kar Medical College and Hospital where Cochlear implant is done. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedA cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that replaces the function of the damaged inner ear. Unlike hearing aids, which make sounds louder, cochlear implants bypass the damaged hair cells of the inner ear (cochlea) to provide sound signals to the brain.According to hospital sources, this is the 27th case where a cochlear implant was done successfully on a patient.Children below six years are entitled to undergo the surgery at completely free of cost in RG Kar Medical College and Hospital and some other state-run hospitals. The scheme is run jointly by the Centre and state government. The Centre provides the device, while the state government bears all other expenses including the medicines and OT charges. The team of doctors that carried out the surgery comprised Dr IN Kundu, Dr S Ghosh, Dr Kuntal Maity and Dr MK Singh. The head of the ENT department, Prof Dr SK Basu said before conducting the surgery some mental tests were performed on the boy after he was brought to the hospital on Wednesday. The doctors acted promptly and performed the surgery on Thursday. According to Basu, the surgery was successful and the boy will be able to speak and hear in three weeks after going through training.The patient will, however, be released from the hospital within 7 days.The cochlear implant technology can help people who have moderate to profound hearing loss in both ears, receive little or no benefit from hearing aids and score 50% or less on sentence recognition tests done by hearing professionals in the ear to be implanted.
Kolkata: West Bengal State University (WBSU) is taking a slew of measures to attract more number of first generation learners in pursuing higher education in its affiliated colleges.”We are introducing Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) from this academic year in all our three streams- Arts, Commerce and Science. First generation learners form a large chunk of students enrolled in our varsity. Making them understand the modalities of CBCS is a big challenge. We have urged the principals of all our affiliated colleges to take up sensitization in their own possible way to reach out to these students,’ said Basab Chaudhuri, Vice-Chancellor of WBSU. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIt may be mentioned that as many as 46 colleges in North 24 Parganas are affiliated to WBSU with an average enrollment of 55,000. In WBSU’s affiliated colleges at Basirhat and Chadraketugarh, there are more than 90 percent first generation learners.The Vice-Chancellor himself has reached out to a number of its affiliated colleges to have an idea of the real picture in the remote areas where students often opt out in the middle of their study as they have to take the burden of the family. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed”We have seen that as we move away beyond the city airport, the number of first generation learners automatically goes up. In East Calcutta Girl’s College located in Lake Town, there are 20 percent of first generation learners while at Ramkrishna Sarada Mission at Nagerbazar the figure is 60 percent.I have tried to inculcate the idea among the affiliated colleges that our mandate should not be similar to that of the universities located in the heart of the city,” Chaudhuri said. The VC has instructed its affiliated colleges to issue admission forms with a column mentioning the educational qualifications and vocation of the students’ parents. “Our aim is to reach out to the needy students who have the zeal for higher education with some sort of assistance in our own possible means. A university like us has a role to play in terms of social justice and empowerment,” Chaudhuri said.He expressed his optimism that armed with a scientific statistics of the varsity’s commitment in imparting education to first generation learners, WBSU can emerge as a parameter for assessment from National Assessment and Accreditation Council.
Khoj Studios is gearing up for the 12th edition of Peers, a multi-media show by five recent graduates. Digbijayee Khatua, Faiza Hasan, Mithun Das, Shailesh BR and