RelatedPosts NPFL: Warri Wolves whip visiting MFM FC NPFL: Kano Pillars struggle to slim win over MFM FC NPFL Preview: Rangers, Pillars, Wikki stake unbeaten runs in difficult venues Premier League campaigners, Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries FC, on Friday declared Oriyomi Murtala Lawal Away Without Official Leave. This was contained in a statement signed by the Director of the club, Davidson Adejuwon. The statement reads: “We wishes to inform the general public, most especially the Clubs in Nigerian Football Leagues about one of its players, Oriyomi Murtala Lawal is presently AWOL. “The player left the club on the 15th January, 2020, a night before our home game against Jigawa Golden Stars without the knowledge nor approval of the club’s management. “MFM FC warn that any club or agent approaching the player for the purpose of transfer without MFM’s approval will face the risk of a lawsuit, as the player is currently on contract at MFM FC.”Tags: Davidson AdejuwonJigawa Golden StarsMFM FCOriyomi Murtala Lawal
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The Trojans head up north to take on the No. 7 Stanford Cardinal in Palo Alto on Saturday in their first conference game of the season. To preview the matchup, the Daily Trojan asked a few questions to Vihan Lakshman, a football beat writer at the Stanford Daily. Daily Trojan: USC had no answer for Christian McCaffrey in the Pac-12 Championship Game last season. What are you predicting for McCaffrey on Saturday and how does USC slow him down?Vihan Lakshman: Christian McCaffrey’s 461 all-purpose yard yards in the Pac-12 Championship Game was a performance for the ages, and I don’t think it’s reasonable to expect anyone to replicate that kind of performance, including Stanford’s version of Reggie Bush. Nevertheless, McCaffrey never runs out of gas and can do damage in so many different ways on the field that I expect him to put up great numbers. At this point in his career, I think it’s safe to pencil McCaffrey in for 200 all-purpose yards in any given matchup because of the sheer number of times he will have the ball in his hands. The return of dynamic running back Bryce Love and the attention he demands will also help McCaffrey.For slowing down No. 5, I look at the blueprint laid out by three teams that had some degree of success against him last season: Northwestern, Washington State and Notre Dame. Each of those teams had defensive fronts that consistently broke into the backfield and swallowed McCaffrey before he ever got going. For all of his highlight-worthy plays, McCaffrey makes his money by patiently waiting for his blockers to open up holes before bursting for six or seven yards a carry. Defensive pressure up front neutralizes this ability. Moreover, pressure in the backfield can also rattle a quarterback, which can help slow McCaffrey down in the receiving game. Kevin Hogan was stellar in both of last year’s matchups with USC, contributing heavily to McCaffrey’s success, and the Trojans will have to bank on new quarterback Ryan Burns not quite maintaining Hogan’s same level of play in his second start. Slowing down McCaffrey is not an easy task, but if any team has the talent to make it happen, it’s USC.DT: Do you see parallels between Stanford and USC’s quarterback situations? Ryan Burns and Max Browne are the respective starters, but their backups — Keller Chryst and Sam Darnold — are more mobile and have received playing time. How do you think Stanford will use its quarterbacks on Saturday?V.L.: I think the parallels are there, but rather limited. Darnold, from what we have seen so far, looks much more mobile than Chryst, and the USC coaching staff seems to have several well-defined packages for their athletic redshirt freshman, particularly in the red zone. Darnold’s speed and ability to throw on the run allow him to complement Max Browne’s strengths and provide a change of pace for the Trojan offense. Burns and Chryst are very, very similar in skillset with just hairs of difference between them. David Shaw has said that Chryst will play against USC, and I expect that his role will be similar to the one he played against Kansas State where he came in on Stanford’s third offensive drive and led the Cardinal to a touchdown. Unlike Darnold, who’s more likely to take snaps in spot situations, Chryst will probably take over for an entire drive and run the offense as if no change had been made. Chryst’s role will largely depend on the flow of the game, but I see him as a lock to take over for one series, possibly two.DT: What have you credited Stanford’s rise to national prominence over the past few years to?V.L: The pillars of Stanford’s success in the past few years are the same as the ones at every elite program: talent and great coaching. What is remarkable is how the Cardinal built that platform in the first place. Stanford has mastered the art of selling the program to recruits, touting the school’s academics and rigorous admissions process as assets instead of hurdles. Shaw and company have also established a national recruiting presence with 29 states represented on the current roster (plus Canada and Austria), managing to find the driven, highly-talented players they covet who, most importantly, fit the program’s business-like culture.Regarding coaching, Stanford has benefited tremendously from the presence of brilliant football minds and unprecedented stability. Without a leader as adept and, quite frankly, crazy as Jim Harbaugh, the Cardinal would have never gotten off the ground. Now, for all the criticism he’s received for his in-game coaching decisions over the years, David Shaw is an elite CEO managing the program with NFL coaching experience to draw on as well. Crucially, Shaw has also stayed on The Farm despite numerous opportunities to leave, bucking the trend of Stanford serving as a springboard for supposedly more prestigious coaching jobs. The stability at the top has trickled down. In the past three seasons, Stanford has lost just one assistant coach, Randy Hart, who retired after the 2015 Rose Bowl. That kind of continuity has been a major asset for the program, and it all starts at the top with Shaw and top-notch coordinators in Mike Bloomgren and Lance Anderson.DT: How would you describe the relationship and perception of USC and the football team from the Stanford student body perspective?V.L: People despise USC. The Trojans have a reputation on campus for braggadocious behavior and an obsession with Hollywood glitz that, whether rightly or wrongly, rub Stanford fans the wrong way. However, underneath the surface-level dislike, there’s a high level of respect for USC as a program that’s historically served as the standard-bearer for college football, especially on the West Coast. This combination of disdain and underlying respect, along with the riveting games between the two teams this decade, has stoked the flames of this rivalry to new heights. If you asked a Stanford student today whether a win against the Trojans would feel more satisfying than a victory over Cal, I have no doubt the answer would be “yes.”DT: Do you see this game as a preview of a Pac-12 Championship re-match?V.L.With so much football left to be played, it’s too hard to tell how the conference standings will ultimately shake out. I’m certainly not going into this game with the expectation that we’ll see Stanford and USC play again this season. There are just way too many other threats in the North and South that both teams will have to overcome. With that being said, both teams are extremely talented and could very well meet for another duel in Levi’s Stadium. As a fan of college football and rivalry games, I would very much enjoy such a rematch, but it’s way too early to tell if that’s in the cards.
Share StumbleUpon Share As the UK enters its third week of lockdown, Regulus Partners assess the devastating impact of Covid-19, in which reality indicates that betting incumbents will never see a ‘return to normal’…NB – Helping industry stakeholders, Regulus Partners has produced a free UK sector-by-sector guide to impact which we will update due to the fluidity of the situation. Email Regulus directly for your free copy, or for our analysis on other markets)_______________________As the global Covid-19 pandemic disrupts lives and businesses almost everywhere, we provide insight and analysis into the UK gambling sector experience – it’s our own backyard, but we also hope that it will provide wider relevance, especially where online gambling is either allowed or largely unrestricted. We consider three key themes:What is the short-term impactWhat will recovery look like, when it comes (potentially if, in some cases)Where does this leave the sector from a policy perspective“Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” JFKWe are living in unprecedented times. At the macro level we have witnessed the Government intrude on the personal freedoms of its citizens in a manner not seen since the end of the Second World War and at the same time commit to a level of state support for employment and business inconceivable at the time of the Budget statement on 11 March. If the policies are not perceived to be effective or proportionate, then we may end up with a major political backlash (this, incidentally, also provides some sort of backstop to the level of disruption: the government knows people will not take it forever, even with the best intentions, since the direct threat to the vast majority of people is slight from Covid-19 but immense from an economic Depression). In parallel, with the country in ‘lock down’ we are also testing the extent to which participating in meetings represents valuable economic activity – the world is likely to be a far more efficient place in the aftermath of Covid-19, at least for a time. However, we are not typically hired for our macro views, but for a granular examination of the business of gambling.Short-term impact and issuesIn Britain, all forms of retail gambling other than lotteries have been shut down (people are allowed to shop for ‘essential items’ where lotteries are provided and perhaps fortunately for many what is ‘essential’ has not yet been defined). There is perhaps a small irony that even the Public Health lobby did not expect so complete a victory in achieving effective prohibition (for now at least) of most forms of gambling so quickly – over a matter of (entirely genuine) public health. The closure will be effective for at least three weeks (and the Government seems more likely to tighten civic freedoms than to loosen them in the immediate future) and so we consider the impact on a per month basis:Betting shops: are not generating c. £50m per week in revenue (with the Grand National loss a particular additional blow), which is costing the government c. £10m per week in taxes and duties and c. £12m per week in staff cost support; accumulating rents are c. £5m per week, while the supply chain (mostly racing, also machines) is exposed at c. £7m per weekCasinos: are not generating c. £27m per week in revenue, which is costing the government c. £7m per week in taxes and duties and c. £7m per week in staff cost support; accumulating rents are c. £1m per week, while the supply chain is exposed at c. £2m per weekBingo: are not generating c. £13m per week in revenue, which is costing the government c. £2m per week in taxes and duties and c. £4m per week in staff cost support; accumulating rents are c. £1m per week, while the supply chain is exposed at c. £1m per weekArcades: are not generating c. £7m per week in revenue (with a material seasonal uplift into the summer), which is costing the government c. £2m per week in taxes and duties and c. £3m per week in staff cost support; accumulating rents are c. £1m per week, while the supply chain is exposed at c. £1m per weekTotal UK licensed retail commercial gambling: c. £100m of lost revenue per week (NB, ex lottery and machines in pubs); £21m in lost duties; £26m in staff cost support; £8m in accumulating rents and £11m in supply-chain exposureWhile staff costs are largely covered by the government and revenue-related costs (duties, content on rev share) are also mitigated by closure, rent and other fixed costs (e.g. minimum value utilities, arguably fixed-cost content – though frustration is likely to be argued) continue to mount even if payment is delayed. If the lockdown lasts for a month or two, these are likely to be borne in the hope of a recovery ‘bounce’, if they last much longer then pressures are likely to start taking a structural toll. While all businesses are different, we would suggest that the level of disruption continuing into Q3 is likely to be a key tipping point in terms of business (as well as personal) stress levels.Online gambling is in a more nuanced position. With most global sports halted, there are some substitution options (horseracing in South Africa and most of the US at the time of writing, as well as HK, Australia and Japan – less attractive in the UK due to time zones; a small number of other sports from less affected countries, e.g. table tennis; virtual; esports; probably most dangerously, financial markets) which will no doubt see huge spikes in activity. However, these huge spikes are relative to marginal engagement prior to the disruption– they are unlikely to be anywhere close to matching mainstream interest in soccer, tennis and GB racing (GB+IRE horseracing, soccer and tennis = 75% of UK sportsbook revenue), or even the disrupted ‘long tail’ of high profile but low betting-volume sports (cricket, golf, rugby, US sports etc). UK online sports betting is therefore likely to be down c. 70-80% even with a big spike in substitution products (NB, this shows how much the world has changed since 2001 when Foot and Mouth stopped Cheltenham but bookmakers were able to increase net revenue by providing higher margin substitute products). Again, with a few very big exceptions (Euros, flat season festivals, Wimbledon), as we enter the summer we tend to enter a seasonally quieter period: whether normal service has resumed by August (and the start of the football season, however disjointed) will be a key test of not just when but how the bounce looks (see below).Online gaming (casino, poker, bingo) is almost completely unaffected (beyond staff needing to work from home) and is likely to be benefitting significantly from landbased disruption, the lack of sports and bored people stuck at home. Indeed, we expect an uplift of c. 20-30% YoY in online gaming, a return to levels of growth unseen for three years in the UK. Herein also lies a trap. People bored at home may also be anxious, depressed, stressed, without an income (the self-employed need urgent help) and/or any number of issues that makes them more vulnerable to gambling related harms. The fact that online gaming companies appear to be benefiting from the pandemic is bad enough under the circumstances, if any appear to be actively exploiting it in any way (marketing, aggressive product promotions, failure to adequately protect customers with changed circumstances or additional vulnerabilities etc) then the public-political outrage would be entirely justified and potentially even terminal for the sector and not just the perpetrators (again, see below).Taken overall, therefore, we believe that the UK commercial gambling sector is down c. 60% YoY on a pcm basis due to the lockdown – a very significant and clearly unsustainable position, even with retail salaries covered. If the lockdown lasts for two months, then the annual impact would be -10%: painful but broadly manageable; the 30% implied revenue loss over a six month period would not be…Consumer impact during this phase is painfully simple: only relatively exotic betting options or online gaming is available. Customers of the latter can carry on as normal but may adjust their habits to uncertainty (some spending less, others more). Retail customers have a choice to go online or not bother; betting customers have a choice to substitute or not bother. These choices are forced upon consumers for now – it is what they do when normality starts to return that will be critical.For the supply chain, machine and SSBT providers on revenue share would seem to be by far the most directly exposed to loss, especially given that the unprecedented nature and scale of the issue is likely to make insurance companies run for the hills (online B2B exposure would mitigate, depending on relative scale). Sports rights holders are also holding certain cost and potentially uncertain revenue. GB horseracing is in an especially difficult position – it could be argued that it doesn’t need the levy or get media rights because there is no content, but the structural impact this could have on horsemen in particular could be profound and create medium-term damage out of proportion to the short-term saving (like athletes, horses need to be trained and this costs money; breeding also needs to continue to prevent a medium-term crisis). Parts of racing are very rich (land, patrons, charitable trusts) and so a solution that genuinely does look like ‘we are all in it together’ will be crucial for both the industry and its relationship with betting (which is getting crash course in emergency product substitution – that will also test the value of racing in the ‘new normal’, see below).It may also become relevant to the commercial gambling sector that the government has had to step in to fund UK Sport due to a shortfall in lottery sales because of the lockdown. This is not just an issue about short-term funding for either human or equine sports participants (athletics and betting have a suitably distant relationship given the lack of betting volumes – it is perhaps ironical that they are nevertheless partly dependent upon gambling). The disruption to competition and training programmes will have a knock-on effect to the structure (and even commercial viability) of many sports. In the short/medium-term this will impact sporting calendars and betting margins, but it has the capacity to far more profoundly impact betting’s relationship with sport. The more that betting companies are able to demonstrate that they are there to support the sports they depend upon the better for sustainability, in our view: more parasitic relationships could backfire disastrously.Recovery – for some?There are broadly two extremes of timing and shape of recovery that may occur. The first is that the lockdown lasts for a long time, saps public and private resources and so we go back to work frugal, mindful and facing economic recession: a bit like most people’s (largely inaccurate) view of post WWII Britain. The other is that people are stuck at home not spending money while most people’s incomes are protected; so long as this doesn’t go on for too long there will be a significant consumer bounce (possibly followed by a mighty hangover as myriad second order impacts shake out): with the vibe more like the consumer release of the 1960s. Our view, partly fguided by our assumption that governments will be forced to get economies moving again or the health advice will be worthless, is that this is more likely to be closer to the second (optimistic) scenario than the first – but it is worth considering both in terms of sectors and consumers (NB, the sector is probably more exposed than most on how the government treats the self-employed and small business owners from a consumer perspective) .A few weeks up to a couple of months of pain:Betting shops: if shops re-open for the start of the football season (even if a bit delayed) and well before the jumps season really gets going (as far out as November), then footfall is likely to return strongly, in our view; the key casualties would be shops earmarked for closure anyway, especially among smaller independents (perhaps c. 300 in total – noticeable but not structural beyond marking the end of betting as a viable small business); the lack of much availability in terms of sports should mean that channel shift is not accelerated much – but if global sports come back faster than the UK high-street then LBOs would have a problemCasinos: would be similar to betting shops, with pent up demand coming back to provide a strong Q3, especially in London when tourism rebounds (assuming would-be gamblers remembered to bring a utility bill with them)Bingo: is a much more challenging environment, based on both demographics and liquidity-led play; it is likely that even a relatively short hiatus in habit will have structural impact, especially in afternoon play; given bingo’s increasing reliance on a smaller number of players (admissions down, spend up), this is likely to hit margins and force closures – possibly up to c. 50 of the c. 350 bingo halls that are not arcades otherwise licensedArcades: are highly sensitive to high-street and/or seaside footfall and so if the crisis accelerates the demise of high-street traffic as more people embrace digital options (banking, retail, food etc) then this will impact arcade businesses; pent up demand may mask this for a quarter or two but in our view channel shift has been given an additional accelerantRemote betting: is likely to be running at 70-80% down until global sports return; it is worth flagging that the all clear being sounded in a critical mass of geographies is only the beginning of a solution, since getting sports (competitions, athletes) up and running again will not be instant – nevertheless, we would expect the recovery to be visible, rapid and reassuring, even with the inevitable logistical wrinkles (and a few bookmaker-friendly upsets)Remote gaming: is likely to continue its +20-30% YoY ‘substitution benefit’ period for as long as the disruption lasts in a short-term scenario, rebasing as sports and retail supply comes back on stream, though potentially finding a small amount (c. 2-5ppts) of structural growth as substituting customers stick to their new productProlonged social restrictions (i.e. beyond Q2) with knock-on economic effects:Betting shops: if betting shops remain closed for more than a few months even government help on salaries is unlikely to be enough and mass closures become probable; to an extent this would be compressing another 5 years of channel shift into one, but without mitigators and without the opportunity for operators to actively reinvent the sector; we would guesstimate that there are probably only c. 3-4,000 shops that would survive this – especially since those re-opening would be doing so in very tough economic circumstanceCasinos: fall into three categories – London mainstream; London high-end and provincial. London casinos (60% of the market by revenue) will be a barometer of the capital’s health (including high-end tourism and business travel) but with one or two exceptions it would make sense to hang in and wait for better times; provincial casinos, however, tend to be more reliant on relatively small numbers of local customers and if these change their habits (e.g. adopt online) or circumstances (e.g. businesses suffer) then the impact becomes structural and difficult to mitigate; further, undersupply is national but not always local – much lower profitability and a handful of premises failures become likely, in our viewBingo: prolonged closure is likely to be a disaster for bingo given the disruption to habits and liquidity on a business model that has already been facing material demographic pressures; there will be opportunities to reinvent it, but we believe the mainstream supply of 90s flat-floor sheds and former cinemas would be unlikely to recoverArcades: the longer the crisis goes on for the more digital the economy will become; given that arcade product is readily available online (and currently far less restricted from a product perspective, albeit with more KYC requirements), months of disruption is likely to cause a structural shift even further away from the high-street which arcades can do little to mitigate; Seaside arcades represent the most seasonally-geared part of the gambling industry and the loss of summer trading may hit them hard. On a more positive note (as with bingo clubs), arcades enjoy political support due to their role within seaside economies.Remote betting: the longer the crisis continues the more likely that virtuals, esports and other substitution products will receive the customer and development attention to give them a larger proportion of longer-term share; further, a structural shift to shorter attention spans might have been given a brief reversal by sheer boredom, but we suspect while a strong bounce with the return of sports is almost certain, the changing habits of customers will have seen accelerated change – innovation will be at a premium just as operations are stretchedRemote gaming: is likely to benefit marginally more the longer the crisis continues as people become increasingly frustrated at the wait for ‘normality’ to return; however, we would caution that this creates a very dangerous regulatory-political environment (see below)The difference is therefore stark and the key variable is time.________________Content Provided by Regulus PartnersNB – Helping industry stakeholders, Regulus Partners has produced a free UK sector-by-sector guide to impact which we will update due to the fluidity of the situation. (Email Regulus directly for a copy, or for our analysis on other markets) Related Articles SBC Magazine Issue 10: Kaizen Gaming rebrand and focus for William Hill CEO August 25, 2020 Winning Post: Swedish regulator pushes back on ‘Storebror’ approach to deposit limits August 24, 2020 UKGC launches fourth National Lottery licence competition August 28, 2020 Submit
MASON CITY — The name of the victim in a single vehicle versus pedestrian accident just south of Mason City on Tuesday night has been released. The Cerro Gordo County Sheriff’s Department was called to the intersection of US Highway 65 and 220th Street shortly before 8:15 PM. On arrival, deputies located one subject who had been struck by a vehicle, with the person later being pronounced dead. The department says 64-year-old Danny Goodroad of Mason City was seen by witnesses driving erratically. Shortly after, he stopped his vehicle suddenly in the center of the roadway, got out of the vehicle, directly into the path of another vehicle driving northbound. The northbound vehicle was not able to avoid Goodroad, and he was struck and killed. No charges are expected to be filed against the driver of the vehicle that struck Goodroad.
Some of the most famous women from U.S. history — such as Susan B. Anthony, who championed the right to vote for women, Gloria Steinem, a tireless worker for equal rights for women, and Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean — are often celebrated. However there are many women who made a significant mark in history but often go unacknowledged. Shirley ChisholmShirley Chisholm, future member of the U.S. House of Representatives (D-NY), announcing her candidacy on January 25, 1972One woman who was famous in her time but has largely been forgotten is Shirley Chisholm. Born in New York in 1924, Chisholm became the first black congresswoman in 1968.Her primary goal was to fight for the rights of the underprivileged and immigrants. According to the BBC, she founded the Congressional Black Caucus and assisted with the establishment of the National Commission on Consumer Protection and Product Safety.Chisholm reviewing political statistics in 1965In 1972, Vox reports, she submitted her candidacy for President of the United States. She ran on the slogan, “Unbought and Unbossed.” Chisholm knew she wouldn’t win but stated, “I ran because most people thought the country was not ready for a black candidate, not ready for a woman candidate. Someday — it was time in 1972 to make that someday come.”Chisholm served seven terms in Congress and retired from politics in 1982 to teach. She died in Florida in 2005, at the age of 80.Elizabeth BlackwellPortrait of Elizabeth Blackwell by Joseph Stanley Kozlowski, 1963. Syracuse University Medical School collectionElizabeth Blackwell was born in 1821 in Bristol, England and was the first woman to graduate a U.S. medical school. As such, she is often called America’s first female doctor.Her gender, at first, shut her out of all of the major medical schools in the United States, but she was finally accepted at Geneva Medical School in Geneva, New York — only because the administrators thought it was a joke.The Woman’s Medical College of the New York Infirmary.Enduring harassment from fellow students, professors, and even the townspeople, she earned her degree and was first in her class in 1849.According to biography.com, Blackwell returned to England to complete her training, but when she returned to New York, she was forbidden to practice medicine in any city hospital.Elizabeth Blackwell with her adopted daughter Kitty, 1905. Courtesy of Blackwell Family Papers, Schlesinger LibraryShe set up her own clinic, the New York Dispensary for Poor Women and Children, and later founded a medical college, the Women’s Medical College of the New York Infirmary.Blackwell was ahead of her time in realizing sanitation and cleanliness helps prevent disease in a time when surgeons moved from one patient to the next without cleaning instruments.Blackwell’s headstone at St Munn’s Parish Church, Kilmun, Scotland. Photo by NewTestLeper79 CC BY 2.0She helped establish the U.S. Sanitary Commission in 1861, and was the first woman included on the British Medical Register.Blackwell later moved back to England to lecture at the London School of Medicine for Women and run a private practice. She published several books including Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women in 1895. She died in Hastings, England in May of 1910.Margaret HamiltonComputer scientist Margaret Hamilton standing beside the Apollo guidance software she and her team developed at MITOn July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 made a safe landing on the Moon and successfully returned to Earth. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., as well as Michael Collins who remained in orbit piloting the command module, were all celebrated — as were Gene Kranz, Clifford E. Charlesworth, Gerald D. Griffin, and Glynn Lunney, all flight directors during the mission.Buzz Aldrin poses on the Moon, allowing Neil Armstrong to photograph both of them using the visor’s reflectionNo one acknowledged Margaret Hamilton, without whom the Moon would not have been reached. Hamilton was born in Paoli, Indiana in 1936, and was educated at the University of Michigan and Earlham College.In 1958, she took a position at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and wrote weather prediction software for the newly founded computer technology. At the time, there were no classes on computer programming, and Hamilton and her colleagues were largely self-taught.Photograph of Margaret Hamilton taken in 1995. Photo by Daphne Weld Nichols CC BY SA 3.0She was put in charge of code writing for the Apollo missions and was the Director of the Software Engineering Division at MIT’s Instrumentation Laboratory.It was she who coined the name, “software engineering”. Written on paper, the stack of her coding books was as tall as Hamilton.Margaret Hamilton in an Apollo Command ModuleShe is also the founder of the Universal Systems Language for computers. Hamilton set up Hamilton Technologies, Inc. in 1986, a software company in Cambridge, Massachusetts that concerns itself with preventive methods rather than the constant testing methods prevalent in today’s software engineering.Hamilton was awarded the NASA Exceptional Space Act Award in 2003 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016, and is the current CEO of her company.Hedy LamarrHedy Lamarr. Photo by Sunset Boulevard/Corbis via Getty ImagesHollywood film actress Hedy Lamarr was born in Vienna, Austria in 1913, as Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler. Her father instilled in her a love of learning and taught her the basics of engineering when she was a child.According to biography.com, she came to America in the mid 1930s and signed up with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio.Hedy Lamarr in ‘Dishonored Lady’ (1947)Her beauty and charm quickly made her a star, and she was cast with the most popular leading men of the day. In 1942, Lamarr, along with composer George Antheil, applied for a patent for a “Secret Communications System” which enabled radio frequencies to vary to keep the Axis Powers from decoding Allied messages and prevent torpedoes from being tracked.Austrian-American actress Hedy Lamarr (1914 – 2000), circa 1950. Photo by Silver Screen Collection/Getty ImagesThe technology was ahead of its time and was not used until the 1960s, but it paved the way for both cellular communications and wi-fi. Lamarr was not recognized for her invention until 1997 when she received the Pioneer Award from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.Lamarr died in 2000 but never got over the fact that her beauty was considered more important than her brains, remarking “Any girl can be glamorous, all you have to do is stand still and look stupid.”Read another story from us: Beautiful Golden Age Actress Hedy Lamarr Helped Invent Wi-FiThere are hundreds of unsung female heroes around the world, and they can be read about at The National Women’s Hall of Fame at womenofthehall.org.