In the summer of 2012, it made international headlines: scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) discovered the elusive Higgs boson, a sub-atomic particle that gives matter its mass, using a particle detector called the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS). Among the researchers who discovered it were several Notre Dame professors, research faculty and students of high-energy physics. Now, due to a three-year, $2.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), that group will be able to continue its research on the Higgs boson and other areas of particle physics. Notre Dame physics professor Colin Jessop, one of the four principal investigators of the group, said the grant represents an unusual increase in funding from previous years, when funding for the NSF itself has been cut by 12 percent. “We’ve been quite successful recently. We’re part of the team that discovered Higgs boson … because we were successful, we were able to argue for a little bit of an increase in funds, and we were successful in doing that,” Jessop said. The majority of the grant, Jessop said, will go to the salaries of the research faculty and graduate students who design components of the CMS and analyze data, both at Notre Dame and at CERN in Switzerland. The people supported by the grant have a variety of different roles in the CSM’s operation, Jessop said. The principal investigators, including Jessop, Dr. Michael Hildreth, Dr. Kevin Lannon and senior member Randy Ruchti, work with the electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL). The ECAL measures the energy of the photons and electrons that collide in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), according to Jessop. It is made of crystals which, send a light signal to an electronic system when a particle enters, allowing researchers to analyze the data produced. Notre Dame researchers helped to develop a “trigger” system, which identifies significant particle collisions, he said. The grant will also fund two research faculty members, Dr. Nancy Marinelli, who designed important software for the CSM’s readout system and is currently at CERN, and Dr. Dan Karmgard, who works with the research laboratory QuarkNet in South Bend. The lab, which consists of researchers, engineers, technicians and local high school students, develops and improves the components and readout system of the CMS’s hadron calorimeter, which measures the collisions of particles such as protons and neutrons, according to Karmgard. “What we’ve been doing down at the lab for the past several years and what we continue to do is to test new materials to see if they transmit light better,” Karmgard said. “We’re testing these new electronics to see if they work as well as we think they should, and how they [could] work better,” Most of the rest of the grant money will support graduate students, who split time between CERN and Notre Dame and do much of the data analysis that produces findings such as the Higgs boson, as well as the ground work that keeps the CSM running. Graduate student Andrew Brinkerhoff, who studies the properties of decaying Higgs boson particles, said to get the data, each part of the detector must operate correctly, which requires the efforts of hundreds of students. “It kind of breaks down into two pieces. One is the design and operations of different parts of the detectors [such as] the day-to-day monitoring of the detector while it’s running, which requires 24-hour shifts,” Brinkerhoff said. “We all took shifts at one point or another while we were at CERN. The main reason to go over there is that you really have to be on the ground in the building, right over top of the detector while you’re monitoring everything that’s going on.” The LHC, which runs continuously for months at a time, is currently shut off and awaiting improvements that will allow it to operate at full capacity, Jessop said. This allows the different subsets of the investigation group to continue working on the other aspects of the project, such as testing new materials, finalizing data analysis and planning future investigations. “There are two purposes [of the continuing research],” Jessop said. “One is to precisely measure the Higgs boson, because that potentially tells us even more about these other new particles, and also to search for these other new particles that we think will be there. And if we discover these particles, it might be an even bigger discovery than the Higgs boson, which is a big discovery in itself.” Contact Emily McConville at [email protected]
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Others who have a smartphone but struggled to pay for data can no longer access free hotspots, she said.”They have to prioritize other things like food and rent,” Milner told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.A Capgemini survey of more than 1,300 people with no internet access in six countries – France, Germany, India, Sweden, Britain and the United States – found 69% were living in poverty.More than 40% of the people who were offline were aged between 18 and 36, the survey found.The poll was conducted between December and February, before most coronavirus lockdowns began, and Ezzat said the pandemic had exacerbated existing problems.Some 1.6 billion workers, representing nearly half of the global labor force, are in immediate danger of losing their livelihoods due to the pandemic, the International Labor Organization said.Milner said that in Britain and elsewhere people with no access to the internet were often unable to get information about the virus, talk to relatives, interview for jobs or asylum applications and access welfare programs and banking services.From Tunisia to the United States, phone companies in many countries have sought to address the issue with steps such as cutting prices, increasing broadband coverage and removing data caps, digital rights group Access Now said in a report last week.But it said telecoms firms should do more, calling for them to lift all data allowances and waive overage and late payment fees. The report also urged governments to broaden connectivity and lift internet shutdowns in some restive regions such as those imposed by Myanmar and India.”All around the world, decision-makers in government and the private sector have the obligation to step up and fix this problem,” Access Now’s global net neutrality lead Eric Null said in a statement. “The lack of it prevents people from having access to public services, to education, to a chance in life. It just limits what you can do.”Nearly one in two people worldwide do not use the internet, according to the United Nations’ internet and telecoms agency (ITU).Even before COVID-19, campaigners say they faced bleaker life prospects due to social isolation and reduced employment and education opportunities.Since lockdowns began, libraries and internet cafes that many use to get online have closed, said Helen Milner, who heads the Good Things Foundation, a British charity working on digital inclusion. Coronavirus lockdowns mean poor people without internet access are being further marginalized, researchers and rights groups said on Tuesday, urging governments and telecommunications companies to do more to get them online.From schooling to looking for jobs and applying for state aid, lockdown measures have shifted many key activities online while also making it harder for people on low incomes to get connected, according to French tech consultancy Capgemini.”The internet has become a basic need. It’s no longer a ‘nice-to-have’,” Capgemini chief operating officer, Aiman Ezzat, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Topics :
A new drift analysis of an actual wing part from a Boeing 777 has confirmed the most probable location of missing Malaysian Airlines flight MH 370 is within the proposed new 25,000 sq. km search area recommended by international experts.The finding has increased confidence in previous modelling and strengthened the belief that the wreckage of the plane, which went missing with 239 people on board in 2014, is somewhere close to the seventh arc defined by an analysis of satellite signals and near latitude 35°S.The analysis by a CSIRO research team headed by David Griffin and funded by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau builds on research using replicas designed to mimic a moveable wing panel called a flaperon.A flaperon known to be from MH370 was recovered from La Reunion Island, off the coast of Africa, in July, 2015.In the latest research, the researchers used a genuine right wing B777 flaperon sourced by the US National Transportation Safety Board. The flaperon was cut down to reflect the damage suffered by the MH370 part and make it as close a facsimile as possible.This was necessary because the wood and steel replica flaperons could not be made to float in precisely the same way as the recovered part. Researchers found the real flaperon was not uniformly thick and had slightly different drift characteristics to the facsimiles, moving faster under high winds and with a bias to the left.The researchers repeated drift testing near Hobart and re-ran their model and analysis of simulated trajectories, coming up with results that were more consistent with the actual arrival time and place of the MH370 flaperon.Researchers also looked at where debris was and was not found to narrow down the potential crash site.The drift analysis puts the crash site between latitudes 40°S and 30.5°S. The arrival of other debris exclusively after December, 2015, and the failure to find floating debris of a 40-day aerial search off Western Australia narrows this down to latitudes south of 32°S.The absence of debris on the Australian coast is consistent with a few impact latitudes and the region near 35°S is the only one lining up with other factors.“This new information does not change our earlier estimate of the most probable location of the aircraft,’’ the researchers found. “It does, however, increase our confidence in that estimate, so we are now even more confident that the aircraft is within the new search area identified and recommended in the MH370 First Principles Review.’’Read also: ATSB rejects staff warning claims.A meeting of international experts in Canberra last year identified the 25,000 sq. km area just outside and to the north of the original 120,000 sq km as the most likely site of the crash and recommended it be searched.However, Transport Ministers from Malaysia, China and Australia suspended the search earlier this year after aircraft was not found in the initial search area, saying it would not be resumed unless there was credible new information which could be used to identify the aircraft’s position.They failed to define what they meant by credible new information and the statement was criticised by experts and family members as meaning the governments would not look for the plane unless it had already been found.
Amid loud cheers from hundreds of his fans, Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan on Thursday carried the Olympic torch at Southwark in London, a day before the opening ceremony of the sporting spectacle.The 69-year-old actor in a white track suit covered a 300-metre distance running and walking occasionally and waved at the cheering crowd, as the Olympic Games torch relay entered the 69th day on Thursday.Ahead of his participation in the relay, Bachchan said it was a “proud moment” for him and the country to be invited to carry the Olympic flame.UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and NRI businessman Laxmi Mittal were among others who were part of the relay team on Thursday.”OK!! HERE IT IS : Have been invited by London Olympic Organizing Committee to carry the torch in the relay tomorrow … Honored to be asked to carry the Olympic Torch in London at Southwark around 10:30 AM !! A proud moment for me and country,” Bachchan had tweeted on Wednesday.The 32.7 mile long relay of the Olympic flame on its final leg has participation of legendary personalities from all over the world and all walks of life, including Lawrence Dallaglio, Lewis Moody, Jim Anderson, Phil Packer, Darren Fitzpatrick and Tom Davis.Bachchan is not the only celebrity to lend the Indian touch to the 2012 London Olympics.Music maestro A R Rahman teamed up with his ‘Slumdog Millionaire’ director Danny Boyle to compose a track for the inaugural event.”It’s a track in Punjabi celebrating the Indian influence in the UK. It’s a part of a medley in the Olympics opening ceremony, according to Danny Boyle’s creative wishes!,” Rahman had written on his Facebook page.advertisementIlaiyaraaja’s song is also set to feature in the medley of music tracks to be used in the inaugural programme.
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Chelsea assistant Cudicini: Carabao Cup can set up 2019by Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea assistant Carlo Cudicini believes Carabao Cup success can help the club perform well in 2019.The Blues will take on Tottenham Hotspur in the semi-final, with the first leg to played at Wembley on Tuesday.”It’s always important to win the first trophy of the season,” he told the club’s official website . “You have the chance to win it in February and it can help to then have an even better end of the season.”As a club, we consider all the trophies to be important and we have the chance to reach the final and we obviously want to do well.”
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Ajax defender Blind on Chelsea defeat: It was a 0-0 gameby Paul Vegasa day agoSend to a friendShare the loveAjax defender Daley Blind says they have themselves to blame for defeat to Chelsea.Chelsea won the Champions League tie 1-0 thanks to Michy Batshuayi’s goal. “We were sloppy at times and we can blame ourselves for that, we have to improve that,” Blind told Ajax TV. “Normally we are stronger than that, but not today. We sometimes know it. If someone plays a bad ball, he does not do it on purpose. We want to do it as well as possible, but sometimes this type of competition is tough. “Then it comes to a struggle and we certainly did, we didn’t make it easy for them. They’re just a top team.”He added: “It was a 0-0 match, both teams didn’t really create great opportunities in the second half. I think that would have been more appropriate.”
Twitter/@NunesMagicianOn Monday, Syracuse athletic director Mark Coyle announced that head coach Scott Shafer would not be retained after the season finale, after starting the 2015 season at 3-8 after a 3-9 2014. Shafer stayed on to coach the team’s final game of the season against Boston College, and pulled out a victory with a last second Cole Murphy field goal to win 20-17. After the game, Syracuse players picked a very emotional Shafer up, and paraded him around the field.Shafer did not have the most successful tenure at Syracuse, but he is extremely close with his players. It is good to see him go out on top.
Streamable/Krusty Sox SportsPaul Finebaum is in hot water over his comments earlier in the week about the Colin Kaepernick protest situation.On Monday, when the entire sports world was enveloped in debate over the 49ers quarterback’s protest of the national anthem over concerns with the oppression of African-Americans, Finebaum stated that said oppression does not exist.Awful Announcing has a clip of Finebaum’s Monday statement.On Tuesday, Finebaum doubled down during a segment of College Football Live, and got into a pretty heated debate with Joey Galloway.This morning, Finebaum went on SportsCenter with Cari Champion to apologize for his statements at length.To Finebaum’s credit, he says he spoke with Marcus Spears and Galloway about his statements, and his eyes are “wider-open” on the issues that the black community faces in America. Krusty Sox Sports has video of the segment:From Paul Finebaum’s apology:“I could spend the rest of my life trying to talk my way out of it, but I can’t. I blew it. I simply did not have a good grasp of the situation. I know better. I’ve lived in this country, I see what is going on all across the country from North to South to East to West and I have no excuse. I can’t explain why I articulated the words the way they did, but I did and there is a public record of it and there’s a natural reaction and I respect that.All I can say is that I made a terrible mistake in trying to express a feeling that I probably – not probably – I had no right to express. I don’t know whether this will mean anything to anyone but I feel compelled to answer your question that way – that it was a terrible mistake on my part and my eyes are wider-open today than they have ever been as a result.”Champion accepted his apology at the end of the segment.[Krusty Sox Sports]
APTN National News OTTAWA–The federal Aboriginal Affairs department cut its specific claims research budget as part of on-going government-wide belt-tightening in a move that one senior British Columbia chief says is contributing to creating the same environment that produced the 1990 Oka crisis.Aboriginal Affairs’ Negotiations Support Directorate said in a recent letter to one First Nation organization that the specific claims contribution budget was cut in the coming fiscal year “in order to meet government-wide efforts to identify efficiencies and streamline departmental operations.”The department’s budget cut means First Nation claims research organizations across Canada saw their own budgets sliced from 35 per cent to 60 per cent, said the Union of BC Indian Chiefs (UBCIC).The money is used by First Nations to research specific claims, which centre on historical grievances like the mismanagement of trust funds and the loss of lands.“These massive funding cuts signal clearly the Harper government’s intent to walk away from specific claims,” said Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, president of the UBCIC. “These are the same circumstances that preceded Oka: Canada walked away from the federal duty to address specific claims and was dismissive of First Nation grievances.”In 1990, the Quebec government asked for military intervention after armed Mohawks blocked the development of a golf course threatening burial grounds in Kanesatake.Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt’s office, however, said in a statement the money was cut because the department has managed to settle the majority of specific claims. Valcourt’s office said Ottawa had reduced its “backlog” from 541 claims to 92 since to 2007 and negotiated $2 billion worth of agreements.“As a result, fewer claims are submitted each year and even fewer claims are at the assessment stage, resulting in a reduced caseload,” said the statement. “Canada will continue to work closely with research groups affected by the change to research funding to ensure they have adequate support to advance priority claims over the coming year.”The UBCIC responded to Valcourt’s statement saying the department cleared its backlog by delivering take-it-or-leave-it offers to First Nations across the country. The organization said the department’s rejection or file closure rate had jumped to 86 per cent.“Clearing the backlog is not the same as mass rejections and file closures since these claims are unresolved,” said the UBCIC. “The number of new claims is in fact increasing, especially in B.C…Funding cuts mean new specific claims and ongoing claims under development will, at best, be delayed, and at worst, not have access to justice.”The Specific Claims Tribunal recently criticized the Harper government for its take-it-or-leave-it tactic to clear specific claims calling it “paternalistic, self-serving, arbitrary and disrespectful.”The Jan. 17 ruling by Judge Patrick Smith eviscerated Aboriginal Affairs’ specific claims branch for its handling of a claim filed by the Aundeck Omni Kaning (AOK) First Nation, which is on Manitoulin Island, and its attempt to block it from accessing the tribunal.The tribunal was created by the Conservative government through a political agreement with the Assembly of First Nations. Its creation was announced in 2007 with the looming threat of a day of action scheduled for that June 29.The agreement managed to calm much of the tension that had been building throughout the spring. Only Mohawks from Tyendinaga took action that day blocking Hwy 401 and rail lines for 11 hours.The Harper government jointly announced an education agreement recently with the AFN. The bulk of the promised $1.9 billion for education is expected to flow after the next federal election scheduled for [email protected]
Members of Ohio State women’s volleyball team celebrate a point scored against No. 2 Penn State on Oct. 6, 2017. The Buckeyes lost 3-2. Credit: Rebecca Farage | Lantern ReporterThe Ohio State women’s volleyball team had three tigers to tackle this past weekend as they faced the Princeton, Towson and Missouri Tigers. The Buckeyes defeated all three, recording three wins at the Towson Invitational on Friday and Saturday to bring their record to 8-1. Ohio State swept both Princeton (25-23, 25-20, 25-16) and Towson (25-23, 25-22, 25-18), bringing the team to four sweeps this season. The Buckeyes beat Missouri in four sets (21-25, 25-22, 25-19, 25-20) on Saturday.Freshman outside hitter Mia Grunze hit .407 against Towson and maintained 12 kills for every match this weekend. Sophomore setter Becca Mauer knocked out 39 assists against Towson. Mauer played a key role in setting up the offense throughout the weekend with 10.86 assists/set. Sophomore defensive specialist Hannah Gruensfelder had 21 digs against Towson while sophomore middle blocker Lauren Witte tallied four block assists. Freshman opposite hitter Vanja Bukilic had a .311 hitting percentage and averaged 4.00 kills per set on Saturday.Many personal records were hit during the Missouri match. Witte (13), Bukilic (13), Grunze (12) and redshirt sophomore middle blocker Jordan Fry (11) reached double figures in kills for the first time this season. The freshmen carried the team offensively against Princeton as they accounted for 59 percent of Ohio State kills. with Bukillic (12) and Grunze (11) each recording double-digit kills.Ohio State will be on the road again on Sept. 14 and 15 when the team heads to Dayton for the Flyer Invitational to face the Flyers, Evansville and Tennessee.