The Weddell Gyre (WG) is one of the main oceanographic features of the Southern Ocean south of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current which plays an influential role in global ocean circulation as well as gas exchange with the atmosphere. We review the state‐of‐the art knowledge concerning the WG from an interdisciplinary perspective, uncovering critical aspects needed to understand this system’s role in shaping the future evolution of oceanic heat and carbon uptake over the next decades. The main limitations in our knowledge are related to the conditions in this extreme and remote environment, where the polar night, very low air temperatures and presence of sea ice year‐round hamper field and remotely sensed measurements. We highlight the importance of winter and under‐ice conditions in the southern WG, the role that new technology will play to overcome present‐day sampling limitations, the importance of the WG connectivity to the low‐latitude oceans and atmosphere, and the expected intensification of the WG circulation as the westerly winds intensify. Greater international cooperation is needed to define key sampling locations that can be visited by any research vessel in the region. Existing transects sampled since the 1980s along the Prime Meridian and along an East‐West section at ~62°S should be maintained with regularity to provide answers to the relevant questions. This approach will provide long‐term data to determine trends and will improve representation of processes for regional, Antarctic‐wide and global modeling efforts – thereby enhancing predictions of the WG in global ocean circulation and climate.
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Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Image by Justin Gould/WNYNewsNow.JAMESTOWN – The annual Downtown Jamestown cruise-in has been canceled due to COVID-19 health concerns.In a statement to the media on Wednesday, the Jamestown Community Chamber of Commerce and Der Kobblers Automobile Association announced the news.Generally held in August, the annual event has been ongoing for 27 years, drawing over 200 classic and custom cars and trucks and thousands of spectators downtown.Officials cited a focus on the health and safety of the community as the reason for the decision. They say plans are already underway to hold the event next year.Recently, the Chautauqua County Fair and Lucille Ball Comedy Festival were among other community events canceled due to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Original Date of Publication: Nov. 20, 1987Some Trojans will do anything to get the USC name around before the big game against UCLA. Ken Domer and 13 of his friends did — or at least they tried early Thursday morning when they attempted to change the landmark HOLLYWOOD sign to read “USC! WOOD.”Unfortunately for the 14 freshmen, their Trojan message was never seen because police spotted them just as they had finished transforming the sign and made them change it back to its original condition.Domer said he thought of changing the sign for Troy Week several weeks ago and then told his buddies, who live with him on the sixth floor of Birnkrant Residence Hall, about it. They began plotting three weeks ago. They climbed up to the HOLLYWOOD sign and took its measurements.Joel Zink | Daily TrojanThey purchased more than $200 worth of black and white fabric in the garment district. They spent several nights sewing pieces together until 3 or 4 a.m. to create their message, Domer said.The group left campus at 1:30 a.m. Thursday, excited and ready for its caper.Two students stayed at the bottom of the hill to take pictures of their accomplishment; the other 12 climbed up to the sign and busily draped the fabric over the 55-foot high letters. At 4:10, after spending an hour and a half perfecting their message, the conspirators were spotted by police helicopters circling overhead.The helicopter hovered over the sign for about 15 minutes. Officers inside threatened the students, Domer said. The students then saw two police cars coming and knew it was all over.Ten police officers made the students “line up with our hands behind our back” and took their names and drivers license numbers, Domer said.The officers also made them remove the fabric.One of the officers had attended UCLA, so the officers made a “hell of a lot” of jokes about USC, Domer said.The students tried to respond with as many jokes about UCLA as possible — without getting themselves in any more trouble, Domer said. Although the police lectured the freshmen about their prank, “they were having a good time busting us,” he said.The officers said that the students could either walk the two to three miles down the hill or run. But they added that “if you walk, we’ll book you,” Domer said.The students ran shouting SoCal spell-outs and singing a parody version of the UCLA fight song.Police turned the students’ names over to a city attorney and said charges would be pressed only if there was damage to the sign.“One of our goals was not to damage the sign,” said Mike McManus, one of the pranksters.Even though their message did not stay in place very long, Domer said they made their point, took their pictures and had a lot of fun. Changing the sign was something “I’ve always wanted to do,” Domer said.“My mom called me saying she had heard that some USC students changed the sign and just asked me, ‘Why did you do it?’ She then said, ‘We’ll talk over Thanksgiving.’”Domer, undaunted, said he has “got another plan for next year.” He wouldn’t elaborate.The other students involved were: Rick Johnson, Greg Lucas, Jim Spizzeri, Steve Semon, Greg Jackson, Jim Lindley, Pat Conway, Chip Daniels, Tim Rosenfield, Ting Sing, Brian Daniel, Eddie Lee and Mike Marko.
The U17 national basketball team of BiH yesterday defeated the team of China and thus won the 9th place in the World Championship that is taking place in Spain.After being eliminated by Australia in the round of 16, the BiH national team previously celebrated against Taiwan and the Dominican Republic in the fight for the placement between 9th and 16th place.The last opponent of the BiH national team at the World Championship was China. Although the BiH players were favorites in the match, the Chinese players have proven to be a hard nut to crack.At the very beginning of the match, the Chinese team led with 4:0, but in the continuation the BiH players took the ends in their hands and closed the first quarter with the result of 28:18 in their favor.By the end of the first half time, that lead increased, so the scoreboard showed 49:34.The BiH team suffered a catastrophic fall in the game, when they scored 12 points in ten minutes and received as much as 28 points in the same time.However, the BiH players managed to pull themselves together and in the fourth quarter they celebrated with 27:22 and ended the match with the result of 88:84.The most efficient player of the match was, expectedly, Džanan Musa with 33 points, nine rebounds and four assists, while Sani Čampara scored 19 points, with five assists. Also worth mentioning is the performance of Vedran Mirković, who scored 11 points, with five rebounds.The most efficient player in the national team of China was Chen with 30 points, while Zhu scored 15.At the beginning of the match, the Chinese took the lead with 4:0, and the BiH team responded with a series of 8:0. In the continuation, the BiH manage to make seven points of advantage for 14:7, increasing it to the final 10 points more by the end of the first period (28:18).The BiH team ended the second quarter in their favor, with a result of 21:16, and went to half time with 15 points more (49:64). The most efficient players in the first 20 minutes of the game were Sani Čampara with 14 points and three assists and Džanan Musa with 12 points, six rebounds and four assists. Also worth mentioning is the performance of Vedran Mirković, who scored eight points and recorded three rebounds. The most efficient player in the China team was Chen with 10 points, while Zhao scored eight.In the third quarter, the BiH team experienced a catastrophic fall in the game, losing this quarter with 16 points less than China (12:28).In the last period, the BiH team somehow managed to recover from the terrible period of the game and celebrate with 27:22, which was enough for the final 88:84.(Source: avaz.ba/photo: zenit.ba)
Wrongly feared only as agents of disease, many bacteria are allies in our quest for health.Here are two examples of bacteria we can celebrate as friends. Look at the good they can do for us!Water and power specialists: Obtaining clean water is a worldwide health concern. What if raw sewage could be converted into clean water, while producing electricity during the process? New Scientist has good news: bacteria are being recruited to do both. Inventors in Boston have a prototype that seems almost miraculous:THEY’RE miraculous in their own way, even if they don’t quite turn water into wine. Personal water treatment plants could soon be recycling our waste water and producing energy on the side.Last month, Boston-based Cambrian Innovation began field tests of what’s known as a microbial fuel cell at the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Maryland. Called BioVolt, in one day it can convert 2250 litres of sewage into enough clean water for at least 15 people. Not only that, it generates the electricity to power itself – plus a bit left over.Think of the potential for third-world countries where electricity and clean water are unavailable. The company believes that personal treatment plants could become as common as rooftop solar panels. The inventors couldn’t do it without help from some minute intelligently-designed friends that take what we cast off and use it for food.BioVolt uses strains of Geobacter and another microbe called Shewanella oneidensis to process the sludge. Its proprietary mix of organisms has one key advantage – the bacteria liberate some electrons as they respire, effectively turning the whole set-up into a battery. This has the added benefit of slowing bacterial growth, so that at the end of the process you have electricity and no microbe cake.“Microbe cake” has been a problem with existing water treatment plants; it needs to be treated and disposed of in landfills. The new BioVolt system controls the microbe reproduction rate so that they don’t exceed the process, and captures the electrons for power generation. Reporter Sally Adee tells of other companies working on microbial systems that can even remove pharmaceuticals from water, process tons of pig waste, or generate power from wastewater from breweries.Antibiotics right under your nose: Hospitals are very worried about “superbugs” that have become immune to all of our known antibiotics. What a surprise it was to find a bacterium in the human nose that produces an antibiotic that conquers one of the worst of them! Nature tells about it:There is immense clinical concern about the rise of antibiotic-resistant ‘superbugs’ — such as strains of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus known as methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) that have developed resistance to several key antibiotics. Faced with the growth of resistant strains of bacteria, finding more antibiotics is an urgent necessity. Most antibiotics have been isolated from soil-living bacteria, but on page 511, Zipperer et al. identify an antibiotic produced by a bacterial resident of the human nose that is active against strains of MRSA.It makes sense that among the thousand species of bacteria that live inside the human body (the human microbiota), there are some equipped to compete against invaders. The new species from the nose, called Staphylococcus lugdunensis, produces a compound the discoverers called lugdunin. This compound works as a topical antibiotic in mice, fighting MRSA and other pathogens without developing resistance. The scientists believe that many more such antibiotic species remain to be discovered, already at work inside us.We need to look at microbes differently. They are not our ancestors. They are not primitive forms of life. They are here on Earth as helpers, performing many vital functions in the ecology. Unfortunately, ever since the Fall and the curse, a few have gotten out of control or mutated into harmful forms, as the Creator removed some (but not all) of His protections as judgment on sin. Originally, everything was in balance. Proliferation of one kind of bacterium was regulated through a push-and-pull mechanism by other organisms in the ecology. Pathogens arose when regulatory processes were broken, or when species beneficial in one environment invaded the wrong environment (such as the human gut). Creation microbiologist Dr. Joe Francis at The Master’s College has described several intriguing examples—including cholera—that can be explained this way. In their right ecological niche (e.g., estuaries), cholera microbes perform a beneficial function. In fact, researchers at the University of Oregon just filmed cholera microbes swimming in the guts of zebrafish, where they live normally (PhysOrg).For evolutionists who want to mock this viewpoint, we would respond that they have a far greater problem: explaining the de novo origin of any form of microbial life. Bacteria are equipped with complex structures like flagella and genetic codes, read by molecular machines. Like chemical labs, they produce many kinds of complex organic compounds. They can divide, reproducing all their parts with high fidelity. We never see anything that complex and purpose-driven arising by natural causes. So while creationists are challenged to explain pathogens, our Biblical understanding would see all life forms as intelligently designed and originally “very good.” The few specific examples in Genesis of pain and suffering after sin entered the world provide just a glimpse of how good things became agents of judgment (e.g., thorns as distorted leaves).With this understanding, design-thinking scientists can try to reverse the effects of the curse in some instances. We can look at microbes and viruses as intelligently designed allies for the most part. We can try to restore the balance, and use their complex machinery to solve our problems. We can harness their abilities. If some bacteria are good at decomposing waste, we can build processing plants to take advantage of that. If some are already built to regulate other species, we can learn about their internal biochemistry tricks and put their wizardry to use where we need it or want it. This viewpoint can advance medical science. The evolutionary view of selfish organisms involved in a ‘war of all against all’ would tend to make scientists want to blast, burn and obliterate everything that causes problems. Which view do you think is bound to be more fruitful? The first microbiologist, Antony van Leeuwenhoek, was fascinated and delighted with all the wonders he observed through his microscope lenses, including bacteria. His immediate response was to glorify God; he thought they were beautiful works of the all-wise Creator. (Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games SEA Games: PH’s Alisson Perticheto tops ice skating short program Cleveland Cavaliers’ Kyrie Irving, left, drives to the basket against Boston Celtics’ Al Horford, from the Dominican Republic, in the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Dec. 29, 2016, in Cleveland. APBOSTON, Massachusetts—Newly acquired guard Kyrie Irving will wear No. 11 in Boston because the Celtics already have retired the numbers he wore in college and with the Cleveland Cavaliers.Irving wore No. 11 at two New Jersey high schools before switching to No. 1 at Duke. He wore No. 2 with the Cavaliers for the first six years of his NBA career.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ LATEST STORIES Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games SEA Games: PH squash team brings in second bronze SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension View comments Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC The Celtics retired No. 1 for founder and original owner Walter Brown. They retired No. 2 for former coach and general manager Red Auerbach.In all, the Celtics have retired 21 numbers, with Paul Pierce’s No. 34 next in line for the TD Garden rafters.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses LIST: Class, gov’t work suspensions during 30th SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Read Next
England will give injured pace bowler Steve Finn a couple more days before making a decision on whether to keep him in the Ashes touring squad, coach Trevor Bayliss said on Tuesday.The 28-year-old quick, a 2010-11 and 2013-14 Ashes tourist, missed the opening tour match in Perth because of a knee injury and will also play no part in this week’s day-night match against a Cricket Australia XI at the Adelaide Oval.All-rounder Moeen Ali, who has a side strain, will also miss both matches but Bayliss said he was on track to be available for a return to action in the tour match in Towsnville starting Nov. 15.”Finn is still not right, we won’t know about him for another couple of days yet,” Bayliss told reporters in Adelaide on Tuesday.”Mo Ali … more precautionary now, we will just leave him out of this one and make sure he’s right.”Finn came into the squad as a replacement for Ben Stokes after the all-rounder was suspended following his arrest on suspicion of causing actual bodily harm outside a nightclub.Bayliss also responded to reports in the Australian media on Tuesday that said Stokes would soon face a England and Wales Cricket Board disciplinary hearing and could join the squad in time for the third test.Reuters Photo “I haven’t spoken (to anyone) or heard of anything since we have been here,” said Bayliss.”If we concentrate on that, and wondering if he is coming or not, that might take the focus off what we’re trying to achieve so we have just been going about preparing with the players we have got here.advertisement”If he happens to turn up at some stage, it’s a bonus. If he doesn’t, bad luck, we will just get on with what we have got.”ECB director of cricket Andrew Strauss said England were looking for “clarity” over Stokes’s position.England begin their campaign to retain the Ashes at the Gabba in Brisbane on Nov. 23.
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Chelsea assistant Cudicini: Carabao Cup can set up 2019by Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea assistant Carlo Cudicini believes Carabao Cup success can help the club perform well in 2019.The Blues will take on Tottenham Hotspur in the semi-final, with the first leg to played at Wembley on Tuesday.”It’s always important to win the first trophy of the season,” he told the club’s official website . “You have the chance to win it in February and it can help to then have an even better end of the season.”As a club, we consider all the trophies to be important and we have the chance to reach the final and we obviously want to do well.”
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Klopp rallies Liverpool fans for RB Salzburg showdownby Paul Vegas23 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveJurgen Klopp hopes Liverpool supporters are out in force for this season’s first Champions League clash at Anfield.The European champions host RB Salzburg at the famed ground on Wednesday night.And after losing to Napoli in the opening round, Klopp hopes the Kop roar can make a difference against the Austrians.”Let’s make it as positive as we can because it is the first game since Barcelona that we play at Anfield,” Klopp said.”It is like a reunion with the European crowd. OK, we have played Premier League games but these European nights are based on the performances of all of us.”I really hope we can create that atmosphere again and see what it is good for.”
Leicester boss Rodgers: Chilwell has ‘scary’ potentialby Paul Vegas21 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBrendan Rodgers says Leicester City left-back Ben Chilwell has ‘scary’ potential.The England international, 22, has been scouted by Manchester City and Manchester United in recent times.As one of the first names on his team-sheet, Foxes boss Rodgers has been wowed by Chilwell’s room for growth.”The beauty with Ben is the more I work with him, the more I realise how much he is going to improve,” said Rodgers.”It is scary really. He has only really broken through in the last couple of years and yet when I talk to him he is learning and wanting to learn all the time, so he has still got levels to come up.”It’s frightening because he is up there with the best at this level. He is young and he is only going to get better. Like James [Maddison], they are hungry to improve and that is important.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say